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Saturday, June 1, 2013

Suju ki Sunari Jagar Gatha: Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna’ Love for a Goldsmith Woman




Suju ki Sunari Jagar Gatha: Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman

 

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Haridwar, Uttarkahnd-44

 

Love Folklore, Folktales, Folk Stories of Love, Adoring, Affection, Fondness, friendliness, Liking from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) – 2 

 

                                         Bhishma Kukreti

 

                    There are two types of Jagar Gatha/Folk Songs/Lyrical folk Tales/Poetic Folk Stories about Krishna in Garhwal and Kumaon.

        First type of lyrical folk stories from Garhwal and Kumaon are derived from Pauranic or Mahabharata base. These poetic folk tales may be love stories related to Krishna or versed traditional stories related to diplomatic, strategy making power or divine power of Krishna. The poetic love folk narrations about love by Krishna or love for Krishna are colored into local culture of Kumaon and Garhwal.

                The second type of rhythmical folk stories or traditional poetic fictions about love by Krishna or love for Krishna by other woman are purely created by local folks and these folk songs are definitely in local cultural customs and styles.

  The following love folk song related to Krishna is created by Nathpanth local Jagri and shadow of philosophy of Nathpanth as the song narrates about Kabir, Dadu, Kamal types of Sufi philosopher. The important aspect of this traditional song from Garhwal, Kumaon is that   the female character is from untouchable caste (Goldsmith). Krishna calls the husband of his lover as 'elder brother'. That also show the social structure in Kumaon and Garhwal where untouchable aspect persisted but the inhabitants of both societies had bondage.

          

        कुमाऊं, गढ़वाल ,हरिद्वार  की लोक गाथाएँ/जागर  -44  

                    कुमाऊंहरिद्वार, गढ़वाल , की प्रणय  लोक गाथाएँ -2 

                              सूजू की सुनारी

                     (सन्दर्भ: डा गोविन्द चातक )

 तै सोवन द्वारिका रंद होला कृष्ण भगवान

राणियो को रौन्सिया छया फुलूँ का हौंसिया

रातरू होंदि थोड़ा , सुपिना होंदा भौति

भगवानन सुपिना मा देखे सूजू की सुनारी

नौ गज धौमेली देखि , चूड़ियों भरी हाती

आज जसि आंखी देखी , धौळी जसी माँग

रंग की रावली सुनारी विरह वावली।

xx x               xxx

कनकैक जि  सुनारी , द्वारिका बुलौलो

तब भगवान मंनसूबा ठाणदा , मंत्र  गंठ्योदा

बीती गै रैणि कांठ्यो आई गै घाम -

तै द्वारिका वो धावड़ी लगौंद -

तब द्वारिका बैठी गे घणी सभा

कबीर कमाल बैठिन सुखीर दाद

पंचनाम दिवतौं से कृष्णा बोल्दा

सुणीयाला देवताओ, सुपिना की बात -

मैन गुजराती हिंडोला देखी , फटिंगू का खंब

सबी कुछ पैदा होंदी सोनू कखन आलो?

नाथ की लगदी ये ठाकुर मा बोली -

हे भगवान जन्देऊ मान्यन गर्दनी मालीक
फटिंगू का खंब बणौला चांदी की चौकी

पर सोनो कखन आलौ

 

                Once in Dwarika, in dream, Lord Krishna saw beautiful goldsmith woman Sunari of Suju. Suju was husband of Sunari. Krishna fell in love for Sunari in dream.  When Krishna awoke, he did not find beautiful Sunari who ha attractive long hair and was with attractive bangles on her hands.

 

  Lord Krishna called his court. There were great saints as Kabir, Dadu and Kamal in the court of Krishna in Dwarika. Krishna said to   his court scholars and administrators," I saw Guajarati gold Hindola in dream. I would like to have same type of Gold Hindola."

  The administrators sent servants in search of gold in Dwarika. Then the question of competent Goldsmith arose. Krishna told that there was excellent goldsmith named Suju in Sujlikot. They invited Suju goldsmith.  Sunari the wife of goldsmith became ready to go with Suju for Dwarika.

  When Sunari and Suju reached Dwarika, Krishna saluted, respected Suju as elder brother and Sunari as Bhabhi (wife of elder brother).

  Suju started constructing Hindola. Sunari used to sit there. Krishna also used to sit there.  Krishna thought that Sunari was beautiful as he saw in dream. Krishna used to see her with affection and Sunari also responded with affection, Suju was angry but could not express his anger.

 In evening Suju beat his wife Sunari.

Krishna wanted to teach Suju a lesion.  

 Krishna broke the under construction Hindola by his magical rice grains. Krishna ordered to kill Suju as punishment. Sunari requested not to kill her husband. Krishna asked Sunari to live in her Harem after the death of her husband. Sunari told that Suju was her life.

Krishna became happy and told to Suju that he was making fun with Suju and Sunari.  Krishna offered great gifts for both and sent them back to Sujlikot with due respect.

           

 

 

Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 1/06/2013

Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued…45  

Love Folklore, Folktales, Folk Stories of Love, Adoring, Affection, Fondness, friendliness, Liking from Haridwar,   Garhwal, Kumaon ( Uttarakhand ) to be continued…3 

                          

Curtsey and references:

Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)

 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )

Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and Folk dances of Garhwal )

Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)

Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)

Dr Urvi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)

Dr. Dip Chand Chaudhri, 1995, Askot ka Palvansh , Gumani Shodhkendra, Uprada, Gangalighat

Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)

Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)

Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 

Ramesh Matiyani 'Shailesh' 1959, Kumaun ki Lok Gathayen

Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)

Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday

Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 

C.M. Agarwal , Golu Devta, 1992, The God of Justice of Kumaon Himalayas

N.D .Paliwal, 1987, Kumaoni Lok Geet

E.S. Oakley and Tara Datt Gairola 1935, Himalayan Folklore

M.R.Anand, 2009, Understanding the Socio Cultural experiences of Pahadi folks: Jagar Gathas of Kumaon and Garhwal

Dr. Pradeep Saklani, 2008, Ethno archeology of Yamuna Valley

Shiv Narayan Singh Bisht, 1928, Gadhu Sumyal, Banghat , Pauri Garhwal

Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm

Anjali Kapila (2004), Traditional health Practices of Kumaoni women

Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhy Tatva va Vivechana

Helle Primdahi, 1994, Central Himalayan Folklore: folk Songs in Rituals of the Life Cycle

Hemant Kumar Shukla, D.R. Purohit, 2012, Theories and Practices of Hurkiya Theater in Uttarakhand, Language in India Vol.12:5: 2012 Page 143- 150

Dev Singh Pokhariya, 1996, Kumauni Jagar Kathayen aur Lokgathayen

Madan Chand Bhatt, 2002, Kumaun ki Jagar Kathayen 

Bhishma Kukreti, Garhwal ki Lok Kathayen, Alaknanda Prakashan

Bhishma Kukreti, Notes on History, Folk Literature of Haridwar

Chapter contains notes on Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Haridwar, Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Dehradun Garhwal Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Uttarkashi Garhwal Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Chamoli Garhwal Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Rudraprayag Garhwal Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Pauri Garhwal Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Udham Singh Nagar, Kumaon  Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Pithoragarh Kumaon  Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Champawat Kumaon  Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Bageshwar Kumaon  Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Almora Kumaon  Uttarakhand; Jagar, Folk Song, Lyrical Folk Story about Krishna' Love for a Goldsmith Woman from Nainital Kumaon  Uttarakhand.



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Regards
Bhishma  Kukreti

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